When comparing sailing boats, the larger the sails, the more wind is caught so the faster the boat generally travels. Here are the designs for 3 sail boats.
Which boat has the largest overall sail area, and is therefore likely to travel the fastest?
This has proven to be a popular video for students of a wide range of ages and abilities. Discussions are often healthy around which dimensions/measurements they should use to find the area of a triangle, and what the formula is. Boat C has a hidden problem of a missing sail height, so students should be encouraged to spot the pattern of triangle side/hypotenuse, or use Pythagoras. It normally takes 5-8 minutes to solve, and of course in a GCSE question of this type, method marks would be awarded even the final answer isn’t correct due to an arithmetic error.
Teachers could extend the learning by considering:
- Boat C has a ‘jib sail’ which can be deployed in addition to the main sails. This extra sail adds 20% to the sail area. Would that make a difference to which boat is likely to travel the fastest?
- Boat D has a single sail with an area of 33m². It has a mast which allows the vertical measurement of the sail to be 12m in height. What is the horizontal dimension of that sail?